Tourism and the economy
The Tourism Satellite Account (TSA) report presents information on tourism's contribution to the New Zealand economy in terms of expenditure and employment.
Latest Tourism Satellite Account — Dec 2018
Stats NZ develops and publishes the Tourism Satellite Account (TSA) with funding we provide.
The 2018 TSA report provides a picture of the role tourism plays in New Zealand, with information on the changing levels and impact of tourism activity. Results cover provisional figures for the year ended March 2018, and detailed results for 2017.
Note: Tables 19-26 contain detailed tables for the year ended March 2017.
2018 Key Provisional Estimates
Key provisional estimates for the year ended March 2018 included:
- Total tourism expenditure was $39.1 billion, an increase of 7.7 percent ($2.8 billion) from the previous year.
- International tourism expenditure increased 9.6 percent ($1.4 billion) to $16.2 billion, and contributed 20.6 percent to New Zealand’s total exports of goods and services.
- Domestic tourism expenditure increased 6.5 percent ($1.4 billion) to $23.0 billion.
- Tourism generated a direct contribution to gross domestic product (GDP) of $15.9 billion, or 6.1 percent of GDP.
- The indirect value added of industries supporting tourism generated an additional $11.1 billion, or 4.3 percent of GDP.
- 216,012 people were directly employed in tourism (8.0 percent of the total number of people employed in New Zealand), an increase of 2.6 percent from the previous year.
- Tourists generated $3.7 billion in goods and services tax (GST) revenue, with $1.7 billion coming from international tourists.
- Overseas visitor arrivals to New Zealand increased 7.8 percent.
The Tourism satellite account: 2018 includes revisions made to the derivation of both the domestic and international tourism expenditure series. These revisions have caused changes to the value of tourism expenditure in the New Zealand economy, and affected the official TSA time series back to 1999.
Revisions to the expenditure series include:
- The incorporation of updated living cost ratios (from 2013) and changes to export education levy data used to derive international student expenditure.
- Updated cruise expenditure estimates including the combined impact of revised traveller by port statistics, changes to existing expenditure sources, and the incorporation of additional data providers.
- The GST paid on purchases by tourists stemming from further refinements to the work undertaken in 2017 to improve the way GST is allocated to tourism-related goods and services.
- The incorporation of 2013 input-output tables used in the derivation of indirect value added and imports used in the production of goods and services sold to tourists, with a flow-on impact to indirect tourism employment calculations.
- Methodological refinements to the Household Tourism Expenditure Estimates (HTEE) data sources, including the incorporation of 2017 Annual Enterprise Survey (AES) data.
- 2017 methodological improvements to national accounts and nominal GDP statistics.
Tourism industry ratios have changed because of these revisions. These ratios are the proportion of an industry’s output that is consumed by tourists and are used to calculate value added and tourism employment estimates. As a result of the ratio changes, we revised the value added time series back to 1999. Together with the ratio changes, we revised the tourism employment time series back to 2000.
More detailed Tourism Satellite Account data and technical information is available on Stats NZ's website.
Previous Tourism Satellite Account tables
2017 Tourism Satellite Account Tables
Note: Tables 19-26 contain detailed tables for the year ended March 2016.
2016 Tourism Satellite Account Tables
Note: Tables 19-26 contain detailed tables for the year ended March 2013.
2015 Tourism Satellite Account Tables
Note: Tables 17-24 contain detailed tables for the year ended March 2012.
2014 Tourism Satellite Account Tables
Note: Tables 17-24 contain detailed tables for the year ended March 2011.