Standards and conformance regulatory system

This page describes the standards and conformance regulatory system and its objectives. It also lists the other government agencies involved in the system and main stakeholders.

System description and objectives

The standards and conformance system is an institutional framework that seeks to:

  • protect the health, safety and wellbeing of individuals and consumers
  • facilitate international trade
  • sustain industry
  • support innovation.

The system achieves these things by implementing and verifying adherence with domestic, joint (Australia and New Zealand) and international standards, measurements and technical regulations. Specifically it provides frameworks for:

  • standards development and management
  • scientific and legal metrology – the development and use of measurement standards and methods for trade and scientific purposes
  • calibration, accreditation and conformity assessment services.

The system is foundational as an institutional framework that establishes service delivery agencies with specific functions. It is sometimes called the Quality Infrastructure system.

The conformance element of the system is supported by a strategy that was agreed by the Government in June 2019. The strategy provides a common direction and goals for enhancing conformance. More information about the implementation of the strategy is available below.

Ministerial portfolios and statutes

Portfolios Statutes
  • Standards and Accreditation Act 2015
  • Measurement Standards Act 1992
  • Weights and Measures Act 1987
  • Fair Trading Act 1986

In addition to the statutes that establish the legislative framework for the standards and conformance system, the following international treaty agreement with Australia is an important foundational document that establishes a trans-Tasman delivery agency:

  • Agreement between New Zealand and Australia concerning the Establishment of the Governing Board, Technical Advisory Council and Accreditation Review Board of the Joint Accreditation System of Australia and New Zealand

Regulatory agencies and their roles

The diagram below shows key agencies involved in the standards and conformance system and their general functions.

Agencies with roles in standards and conformance.

MBIE is the agency with oversight, policy and regulatory stewardship responsibilities for the standards and conformance system.

The other key agencies in the system are delivery agencies:

Collaboration and information-sharing

Most of the delivery agencies in the system are operationally independent of MBIE and formal statutory and treaty-based governance and accountability and reporting requirements apply to them.  

MBIE facilitates the Standards, Accreditation and Metrology Group (SAM) as a forum for information sharing, collaboration and coordination of actions between standards and conformance agencies. SAM members are representatives from New Zealand’s quality infrastructure organisations:

  • International Accreditation New Zealand
  • Joint Accreditation System of Australia and New Zealand
  • Measurement Standards Laboratory
  • Standards New Zealand
  • Trading Standards

There is a substantial international dimension to the standards and conformance system. The system supports exporters to get their goods into overseas markets and gain the trust of overseas consumers. It also provides an important check on the quality of imported goods.

MBIE works with other agencies to reduce unnecessary barriers to trade created by standards and conformance requirements in regulations. Read the Technical Barriers to Trade Strategy for more information.

Technical Barriers to Trade Strategy

MBIE and the delivery agencies participate in international bodies, networks and initiatives to facilitate trade, advance New Zealand’s interests and meet our international obligations.  Examples include:

  • International standards setting bodies (eg International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC))
  • International accreditation body networks (eg International Accreditation Forum)
  • Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Sub-committee on Standards and Conformance
  • World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade Committee.

The delivery agencies also cooperate closely with counterpart agencies overseas (for example with standards and conformance agencies in Australia).

Regulated parties and main stakeholders

Regulated parties

The standards and conformance system does not directly regulate third parties.  Rather, it provides frameworks that enable other regulatory systems to incorporate standards and conformance as a way of implementing and verifying adherence with those systems’ requirements.

Main stakeholders

Stakeholders include the businesses and regulatory agencies that use the system to achieve relevant business or policy objectives. The standards and conformance delivery agencies work with a range of regulators on a day-to-day basis.

Consumers are stakeholders too. The system plays an integral part in consumer safety and protection, and ensuring that goods and services are of an acceptable quality.

Processes for engagement with stakeholders

  • MBIE uses and maintains stakeholder networks for engagement purposes.
  • The delivery agencies engage closely with their own stakeholders.
Last updated: 01 December 2021