Jobs online quarterly report - March 2019

This is the March quarterly report for Jobs Online measuring changes in online job advertisements from 4 internet job boards: Seek, Trade Me Jobs, the Education Gazette and Kiwi Health Jobs.

Overview of major trends

  • Online advertisements increased by 1.2 per cent in the March 2019 quarter, slightly lower than the December 2018 quarter’s 1.4 per cent increase.
  • Among the nine industry groups, the Primary sector had strong growth, especially in the Manawatu-Whanganui and Taranaki, and Otago-Southland regions. The IT industries grew strongly in Nelson/Tasman/Marlborough/West Coast, Otago-Southland, and Wellington.
  • The strongest percentage increase in online advertising over the quarter came from the Labourers occupational group in most regions. The next highest increase was in the Community and Personal Services occupational group, which grew the most in Gisborne/Hawke’s Bay, and the Bay of Plenty regions.
  • Over the year, the largest increases in online advertisements by broad skill level groupings were for highly-skilled and skilled jobs.
  • Provincial New Zealand and the Wellington region led the growth in job advertisements over the quarter. However, given the size of Auckland, and Wellington they are amongst the top three regions for the number of advertisements during the quarter. When taking into account the relative size of regions, Wellington, Otago-Southland, and Auckland had the greatest growth. Over the year, Wellington, Auckland, and Otago-Southland were the main contributors to the overall increase.

Jobs online quarterly report - March 2019 [PDF, 516 KB]

Purpose of Jobs Online

Jobs Online measures changes in online job advertisements from four internet job boards: SEEK, Trade Me Jobs, the Education Gazette and Kiwi Health Jobs. Job advertisements are a proxy for job vacancies, a key indicator of labour demand and economic change.

The relationship between job advertisements and labour demand is complex, particularly when disaggregated at an industry, occupation and regional level. For example, an increase in job advertisements in a particular industry may indicate the industry is expanding, and looking for new workers; or the industry has a high rate of churn (workers are moving between businesses, but overall employment is not necessarily increasing). Likewise, a decline in job advertisements can signal reduced employment in an industry, or that the industry is using alternatives to online advertising in their hiring process (such as word-of-mouth or social networks).

The All Vacancies Index, the main indicator reported in this report, uses unweighted changes – for both the quarterly and annual periods. When referring to contributions to growth, the changes are weighted by the share of advertisements. This means that a small increase in a large region may have more impact on the overall result than a large increase in a small region, and a large increase in a small region will not disproportionately outweigh increases in larger regions. With these caveats in mind, data from Jobs Online tracks well with other labour market indicators, such as the unemployment rate.

Overall Job Advertisements

Job advertisements point to a steady upward but slower growth trend

Online advertisements increased by 1.2 per cent in the March 2019 quarter, slightly lower than the December 2018 quarter’s 1.4 per cent increase. Job advertisements over the year, since March 2018, rose by 5.6 per cent.

Recent indicators of business confidence point to firms being cautious in their employment intentions. The Quarterly Survey of Business Opinion from the New Zealand Institute of Economic Research (NZIER) showed a net five per cent of businesses increased their employment, and despite a fall in hiring intentions a net six per cent still intend to hire more workers, in the March 2019 quarter.

Figure 1 All Vacancies Index

Figure 1

The data table for Figure 1 is at the bottom of this page

Job Advertisements by Industry

The Primary and IT industries led the quarterly increase

At the industry level, percentage increases in job advertisements over the quarter and the year were led by the Primary, and IT industries but in selected regions.

 

Figure 2 Quarterly and annual changes in online job advertisements by industry

Figure 3

The data table for Figure 2 is at the bottom of this page

Figure 3 Indices by industry

Figure 4

Figure 3 shows that vacancies in some industry groups have been growing faster than the others over the period since 2010, especially Construction and Engineering, and Hospitality and Tourism, while since 2016 the Primary and Manufacturing, Transport and Logistics industries grew faster than the other industries. Despite a flat growth in IT advertisement since December 2010, there was strong growth over the quarter and the year.

The data table for Figure 3 is at the bottom of this page

Job Advertisements by Occupation and Skill Level

Advertisements increased for some lower skilled jobs

The number of advertisements for Labourers, and Community and Personal Services Workers occupational groups saw an increase in this quarter, and over the year. Advertisements fell slightly for Sales, and Machinery Operators and Drivers occupational groups.

Relative to their share of the total number of job advertisements, Trade and Technician workers, Manager, and Professionals skill levels made the largest contribution to job advertisement growth over the latest quarter and the year.

Figure 4. Quarterly and annual changes in online job advertisements by occupation

Figure 5

The data table for Figure 5 is at the bottom of this page

Figure 5 Indices by occupation

Figure 6

The data table for Figure 5 is at the bottom of this page

Growth strongest for skilled jobs

The quarterly increase in advertised vacancies was strongest for the skilled job level. The weakest growth was for the low-skilled job level. The annual growth was strongest for highly skilled skill levels, closely followed by the skilled job level.

Relative to their share of the total number of job advertisements the skill level contributing the most to the increase in vacancies- both quarterly and annually – was the highly-skilled job level.

Figure 6 Quarterly and annual changes in online job advertisements by skill level

Figure 7

The data table for Figure 7 is at the bottom of this page

Figure 7 Indices by skill levels

Figure 8

The data table for Figure 7 is at the bottom of this page

Job Advertisements by Region

Provincial New Zealand and Wellington lead the increase in job advertising

The three regions with the largest percentage growth in vacancies indices over the quarter were Otago-Southland, Wellington, and the Bay of Plenty. While vacancies in Auckland increased modestly, given the region's share of the total number of vacancies, its growth in vacancies had the third largest regional impact on the overall increase during the quarter, following Wellington, and Otago-Southland regions.

Among the nine industry groups, Primary industries had the strongest growth in advertised job vacancies, especially in the Manawatu-Whanganui/Taranaki, and Otago-Southland regions. Advertised vacancies in the IT industries grew the fastest in Nelson/Tasman/ Marlborough/West Coast, Otago-Southland and Wellington.

Over the quarter, advertised job vacancies fell in Canterbury, Northland and the Manawatu-Whanganui/Taranaki regions.

The biggest contributions to the falls by industries in Northland were Manufacturing, Construction and Engineering; in Canterbury were Manufacturing, Healthcare and Medical; and in Manawatu-Whanganui/ Taranaki were Healthcare and Medical, Education and Training.

The largest contributions to falls by occupational groups in Northland were Machinery Operator and Drivers, Trades and Technicians, in Canterbury were Clerical and Administrative workers, and in Manawatu-Whanganui/Taranaki were the Professionals and Sales occupational groups.

Over the year, the regions where increases in advertisements were the highest in Gisborne/Hawke’s Bay, Otago-Southland, and Wellington.

Figure 8 Quarterly and annual changes in online job advertisements by region

Figure 9

The data table for Figure 8 is at the bottom of this page

Figure 9 Indices by region

Figure 10

The data table for Figure 9 is at the bottom of this page

By regions

Northland

Northland job advertisements fell by 0.4 per cent in the quarter, but grew by 6.1 per cent over the year. The main contributors to this decrease were the Manufacturing, Construction and Engineering, and Sales industries. The occupational groups making the greatest contribution to the quarterly decrease were Machinery Operators and Drivers, and Trades and Technician workers, while the highest annual growth was in the Clerical and Administration workers, and Machinery and Operator Drivers occupational groups.

Auckland

Auckland job advertisements grew by 0.6 per cent in the quarter, and 2.7 per cent over the year. This is a moderate increase for this region, compared to the growth seen in previous periods. It has slowed considerably both in the quarter, and over the year. The main contributors to the quarterly growth were the Construction and Engineering, and IT industries, and the Trades and Technician, and Manager occupational groups. On an annual basis, the increase was contributed to mostly by the IT, and Construction and Engineering industries, and the Professional and Trades and Technician occupational groups.

Waikato

Waikato job advertisements grew by 0.8 per cent in the quarter, and by 7.1 per cent over the year. The greatest contributor to the quarterly increase was the Trades and Technician, and Labourer occupational groups, and the Construction and Engineering, and Health and Medical industries. The greatest contributor to the annual increase was the Technician and Trades, and Labourer occupational groups, and the Construction and Engineering, and Sales industries.

Bay of Plenty

Bay of Plenty advertisements rose strongly by 3.7 per cent in the quarter, and by 11.9 per cent over the year. The quarterly increase was contributed to by the Business Services, and the Hospitality and Tourism industries; and Sales, and the Clerical and Administrative occupational groups. Over the year, the Sales, and Hospitality and Tourism industries; and the Professional, and Sales occupational groups made the greatest contribution to the increase.

Gisborne/Hawke's Bay

Gisborne/Hawke’s Bay also experienced a strong increase of 2.9 percent in the quarter, and the strong annual growth of 22.0 per cent over the year. The quarterly increase reflects the impact of an increase in the Manufacturing, and Sales industries, and over the year the Construction and Engineering industries. Over the quarter and the year, the Labourer occupational group made the biggest contribution to the growth in advertisements.

Manawatu-Whanganui/Taranaki

Manawatu-Whanganui/Taranaki region experienced a decrease of 0.3 percent in the quarter, and an increase of 7.1 per cent in the year. Increases in the Manufacturing, and Sales industries were more than offset by falls in the Health Care and Medical, and Education and Training industries over the quarter. However, the Sales, and Manufacturing industries were the main contributors to the annual increase. Over the quarter, increases in the Labourer, and Manager occupational groups were offset by falls in vacancies in Professional and Sales occupational groups. Over the year, the contribution to growth was led by the Labourer, and Clerical and Administrative occupational groups.

Wellington

Wellington showed a strong increase of 3.9 per cent in the quarter, and moderate increase of 13.2 per cent over the year. Over the quarter, increases in vacancies were in Construction and Engineering, and IT Industries, and the Professional, and Manager occupational groups. Over the year, the Business Services, and Construction and Engineering industries, and the Professional, and Clerical and Administrative occupational groups had the strongest increase.

Nelson/Tasman/Marlborough/West Coast

Vacancies in the upper South Island region grew by 2.5 per cent in the quarter, and by 7.9 per cent over the year. The regional growth here was influenced by the Construction and Engineering, and Health and Medical industries in the quarter and by the Health and Medical and Primary industries over the year. Over the quarter, the highest contributors were the Trades and Technicians, and Labourer occupational groups. Over the year, the rise was contributed to by the Professional, and Clerical and Administrative worker occupational groups.

Canterbury

Vacancies in Canterbury fell by 0.9 percent in the 2019 quarter, and fell by 3.6 per cent over the year. Over the quarter, the fall was led by the Manufacturing, and Health and Medical industries, and the Clerical and Administrative, and Community Personal worker occupational groups. Over the year, advertisements in the Health and Medical, and Hospitality and Tourism industries fell, along with falls in the Community and Personal workers, and Professional occupational groups.

Otago/Southland

Job advertisements in Otago-Southland rose by 4.3 per cent in the quarter, and by 13.4 per cent over the year. For the quarter and the year, the increases were in the Construction and Health and Medical industries. Over the quarter, the increase was contributed to by the Trades and Technician, and the Labourer occupational groups. The annual increase was contributed to by the Labourers and Technician and Trade worker occupational groups.

Data downloads

Jobs Online Detailed occupational data - March 2019 quarterly [XLSX, 115 KB]

Jobs Online Seasonally adjusted data - March 2019 quarterly [XLSX, 63 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies trend quarterly [XLSX, 72 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Industry seasonally adjusted quarterly [XLSX, 115 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Industry trend quarterly [XLSX, 141 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Occupation seasonally adjusted quarterly [XLSX, 138 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Occupation trend quarterly [XLSX, 115 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Skilled/Unskilled seasonally adjusted quarterly [XLSX, 36 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Skilled/Unskilled trend quarterly [XLSX, 36 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Skills seasonally adjusted quarterly [XLSX, 74 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Skills trend quarterly [XLSX, 75 KB]

View the data tables for the images in this report