Jobs online quarterly report - December 2018

This is the December quarterly report for Jobs Online measuring changes in online job advertisements from 4 internet job boards: Seek, Trade Me Jobs, the Education Gazette and Kiwi Health Jobs.

Overview of major trends

  • Online advertisements increased by 2.0 per cent in the December 2018 quarter, up from September 2018 quarter's 1.7 per cent increase.

  • Among the nine industry groups, Health Care and Medical, and Primary industries, had the fastest growth, in most regions.

  • The strongest percentage increase in online advertising over the quarter came from the Labourers and Sales occupation groups, in most regions.

  • Over the year, the largest increases in online advertisements were for unskilled and highly-skilled jobs.

  • Provincial New Zealand still led the growth in job advertisements over the quarter. However, the size of Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch means they have the majority of advertisements. When the relative impact is considered, Auckland, Otago/Southland and the Bay of Plenty had the greatest growth. Over the year, Auckland, Wellington and Gisborne/Hawke's Bay were the main contributors to the overall increase.

Jobs online quarterly report - December 2018 [PDF, 690 KB]

Overall

Job advertisements point to a steady upwards trend in job openings

Online job advertisements increased by 2.0 per cent in the December 2018 quarter, up from an increase of 1.7 per cent in the September 2018 quarter. Since December 2017, job advertisements rose by 7.1 per cent.

Recent indicators of business confidence pointed to a steady upward trend in employment intentions: the New Zealand Institute of Economic Research (NZIER) Quarterly Survey of Business Opinion shows a net five per cent of businesses increased their headcount, and their hiring intentions remained steady in the December 2018 quarter.

Figure 1 All Vacancies Index

Figure 1

The data table for Figure 1 is at the bottom of this page

Industry

The Healthcare and Medical and Primary industries led the quarterly increase.

At an industry level, the percentage increase in job advertisements over the quarter and the year was led by the Health Care and Medical industry.

The main contributors to the annual growth in job advertisements were the Healthcare and Medical, Business Services, and Sales, Retail and Marketing industries.

 

Figure 2 Quarterly and annual changes in online job advertisements by industry

Figure 3

The data table for Figure 2 is at the bottom of this page

Figure 3 Indices by industry

Figure 4

Figure 3 shows that vacancies in some industry groups have been growing faster than others. The lack of change in the pattern of Information Technology advertisements may be due to alternative methods of recruitment within that industry, including word-of-mouth or social media approaches.

The data table for Figure 3 is at the bottom of this page

Occupation

Advertisements for lower skilled jobs increased

This quarter saw an increase in the number of advertisements for Labourers, Sales, and Machinery Operators and Drivers. Demand fell slightly for Technicians and Trades workers.

Over the year, the greatest increases were in Professional and Labourer occupations.

Relative to their share of the total number of job advertisements, Professionals, and Clerical and Administration workers showed the largest contribution to job advertisement growth for both the quarter and the year.

Figure 4. Quarterly and annual changes in online job advertisements by occupation

Figure 5

The data table for Figure 5 is at the bottom of this page

Figure 5 Indices by occupation

Figure 6

The data table for Figure 5 is at the bottom of this page

Growth strongest for lower skilled jobs

The quarterly increase in advertised vacancies was strongest for unskilled jobs. There was slightly weaker growth for skilled and low-skilled jobs. The annual growth was also strongest in unskilled occupations, closely followed by highly-skilled.

The skill levels contributing most to the increase - both quarterly and annually - were highly-skilled, and unskilled vacancies.

Figure 6 Quarterly and annual changes in online job advertisements by skill level

Figure 7

The data table for Figure 7 is at the bottom of this page

Figure 7 Indices by skill levels

Figure 8

The data table for Figure 7 is at the bottom of this page

Region

Provincial New Zealand leads growth in job advertising

The 3 regions with the largest percentage vacancies index growth over the quarter were Northland, Gisborne/Hawke's Bay and Otago/Southland. While vacancies in Auckland increased modestly, the region's share of the total number of vacancies means that it had the greatest impact on the overall increase during the quarter, followed by Otago/Southland and Bay of Plenty.

Over the quarter, the fastest growing industry groups in most regions were either the Healthcare and Medical or Construction and Engineering industries. By occupation, Professionals had the largest increases in most regions. Advertised job vacancies fell in Canterbury over the quarter, as a result of falls in the Construction and Manufacturing industries and in the Managers, and Technicians and Trades occupation groups.

Annually, the regions where increases in advertisements were highest were Gisborne/Hawkes Bay, Northland, and Manawatu-Whanganui/Taranaki.

Figure 8 Quarterly and annual changes in online job advertisements by region

Figure 9

The data table for Figure 8 is at the bottom of this page

Figure 9 Indices by region

Figure 10

The data table for Figure 9 is at the bottom of this page

By regions

Northland

Northland job advertisements had the strongest quarterly growth of any region at 6.6 per cent, and 18.6 per cent over the year: the level of increase has picked up slightly over the last year. The main contributors to this increase were the Health Care and Medical, and Construction industries. The occupations making the greatest contribution to the increase, both quarterly and annually, were Professionals, most likely in the Health sector.

Auckland

Auckland job advertisements grew by 1.1 per cent over the quarter, and 4.1 per cent over the year. This is a moderate increase for this region, and has been slowing over time both quarterly and annually. The main contributors to the quarterly growth were the Health Care and Medical, and the Sales and Marketing industries; along with Professional, and Clerical and Administration occupation groups. On an annualised basis, the increase came mostly from the Health and Medical and IT industries and the Professional occupation group.

Waikato

Waikato job advertisements grew by 3.0 per cent over the quarter, and 12.6 per cent over the year.  The greatest contributor to the quarterly increase was the Construction industry; and the occupation groups of Labourers, and Clerical and Administration workers. On an annualised basis, the biggest increases came from the Construction, Business Services and Sales and Marketing industries, along with the Professional and Clerical and Administration occupation groups.

Bay of Plenty

Bay of Plenty advertisements rose strongly by 4.8 per cent in the quarter, and 15.1 per cent over the year. The quarterly increase was contributed to by the Health Care and Medical, and Manufacturing industries and the occupation groups of Labourers and Professionals. Over the year, the Health Care and IT industries; and the Professional, and Community and Personal Services occupation groups made the greatest contribution to the increase.

Gisborne/Hawke's Bay

Gisborne/Hawke's Bay also experienced a strong increase of 5.9 percent in the December quarter, and the strongest annual growth of 30.5 per cent in the year since December 2017. The quarterly increase reflects the impact of a strong increase in the Manufacturing and Construction industries, and three occupation groups - Professionals, Machinery Operators and Drivers, and Clerical and Administration workers.  The Health Care and Medical and Construction industries; and Professionals and Labourers occupation groups had the biggest impact over the year.

Manawatu-Whanganui/Taranaki

Manawatu-Whanganui/Taranaki experienced an increase of 2.4 percent in the December quarter, and strong increase of 16.4 per cent since December 2017.  The Health Care and Medical industry and the Professional occupation group were the main contributors to both the quarterly and annual increase.

Wellington

Wellington showed an increase of 1.7 per cent in the December quarter, and moderate increase of 9.1 per cent over the year. The increase over the quarter was made up of increases in vacancies in Business Services and Health and Medical industries; and Professional, and Clerical and Administration occupation groups.  Over the year, Business Services and Hospitality industries, and the Professional occupation group had the strongest increase.

Nelson/Tasman/Marlborough/West Coast

Rising 4.4 per cent in the December quarter, the upper South Island was influenced by the Construction industry; and the Labourers, Clerical and Administration, and Machinery Operators and Drivers occupation groups. Over the year a rise of 11.6 per cent was contributed to by Primary industries and the Professional occupation group.

Canterbury

Canterbury had a modest 0.5 per cent increase in the December quarter, but a fall of 2.0 per cent over the year. Over the quarter, the fall was led by the Construction and Engineering industry, with a significant contribution from Manufacturing. These falls were offset by increases in the Healthcare and Medical industry, along with Hospitality and Tourism. Over the year, the same industries led the changes. Similarly, increases in Community and Personal Services were offset by falls in Managers and Technicians and Trades workers.

Otago/Southland

Job advertisements in Otago/Southland rose by 5.1 per cent in the December quarter, and 14.6 per cent over the year. For the quarter, the most significant increases were in the Construction industry; and the Professional and Clerical and Administration occupation groups. The annual increase was also contributed to by Construction and Business Services industries, with Professionals, and Clerical and Administration workers providing most of the increase among the occupation groups.

Data downloads

Jobs Online Detailed occupational data - December 2018 quarterly [XLSX, 20 KB]

Jobs Online Seasonally adjusted data - December 2018 quarterly [XLSX, 61 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies trend quarterly [XLSX, 65 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Industry seasonally adjusted quarterly [XLSX, 51 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Industry trend quarterly [XLSX, 137 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Occupation seasonally adjusted quarterly [XLSX, 112 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Occupation trend quarterly [XLSX, 111 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Skilled/Unskilled seasonally adjusted quarterly [XLSX, 43 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Skilled/Unskilled trend quarterly [XLSX, 35 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Skills seasonally adjusted quarterly [XLSX, 72 KB]

Jobs Online Vacancies by Skills trend quarterly [XLSX, 73 KB]

View the data tables for the images in this report