What is intellectual property?
Intellectual property refers to new or original innovations and creations of the mind such as:
- literary or artistic works, sound recordings and films
- performances of performing artists
- inventions in all fields of human endeavour
- industrial designs
- trade marks, service marks and commercial names and designations.
There are various forms of IP protection available.
Intellectual property rights give creators and innovators the exclusive right, for a limited time, to control what others may do with their work.
An introduction to copyright protection and laws in New Zealand.
Registration of a design gives the owner the exclusive right to make, import, sell or license the design for up to 15 years.
Trade mark owners and copyright holders are reporting a growth in the sale of counterfeits in New Zealand. Find out how you can enforce your intellectual property rights.
A geographical indication is used to identify goods that have a quality, reputation or other characteristic specific to a particular place.
A patent protects an invention that is a ‘method of new manufacture’. It gives exclusive use of an invention for up to 20 years and can become a valuable business asset that can be bought, sold, transferred or licensed.
Plant Variety Rights (PVR) gives you the exclusive right to produce for sale and sell propagating material of a new plant variety.
Trade marks can include words, logos, colours, shapes, sounds, smells – or any combination of these.
To improve the transparency of intellectual property rights and enforcement in the APEC region, member economies have been encouraged to set up virtual IPR Service Centres.
In New Zealand, the layout design of semi-conductors and integrated circuits is protected by the Layout Designs Act 1994.
"Parallel importing" allows retailers, wholesalers and other parties to obtain goods subject to intellectual property rights directly from licensed or authorised overseas sources, rather than dealing with local suppliers, licensees or agents.
In 2009 the New Zealand and Australian prime ministers agreed on a set of single Economic Market (SEM) outcomes to harmonise regulatory settings and to strengthen trans-Tasman economic integration.
The Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment and Ngāti Toa Rangatira have jointly developed guidelines for the Haka Ka Mate Attribution Act 2014.
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is a free trade agreement that will liberalise trade and investment between 12 Pacific-rim countries: New Zealand, Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Peru, Singapore, the United States and Viet Nam.